Do you use history timelines in your homeschool? They can be a great way for children to visualize an abstract concept. Time is a measurement that exists in our head. For children to conceptualize time, it is important that they SEE the measurement in many ways. This is why it is important for children to still learn an analog clock even though digital clocks are everywhere. If you have a child with a learning challenge, it can be even more important to use visual representations of time. Here are many ways you can incorporate timelines into your homeschool with FREE printables at the end.
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Create a Personal Timeline
For You: A great way to introduce a child to timelines is to have them make one for themselves by writing in events and drawing or gluing pictures about their life on to a timeline. We tend to be self-centered beings and personalizing a concept is a great teaching strategy! One is included in the FREE printable to get you started, but you may want to get creative with this and make a larger one on butcher paper.
For A Friend or Family Member: Once a child has made a timeline for himself, he may want to make one for someone he knows. This would be a great time for him to practice his interviewing skills and ask that person about her life and fill it in on a timeline.
For Someone Else: A child may be more interested in creating a timeline for a historical figure or a sports star, musician or actor that she likes. This is a great time to get a biography out of the library or look-up a person’s bio online and use that research to create a timeline. You can create one on a full sheet of paper or there are bookmark timelines included in the printable below.
Create a Historical Timeline
A Wall or Floor Timeline: A wall or floor timeline can be a challenge to work with as representing that much time linearly takes up a lot of space! You can compact early years where there weren’t many ‘events’ and expand centuries where there are many things to add to a timeline. Just be careful in doing this as it can confuse the idea of measurement of time to children when they are younger.
We have a timeline that is sheets of card stock that we lay across the floor periodically and place pictures on it of various events through time. We could have glued the pictures and/or written in the events, but I feel having the children set out the pictures each time makes them think and recall information much more than if they just read what was already there. When we are done, we stack it back up and slide it away in an expandable file folder. (Side note: expandable file folders are great for organizing homeschool papers and pretty inexpensive, too! Check them out here.)
In the printable below, there is a timeline without the years filled in that can be used to make your own floor timeline. If you start with 3500 BC and use the measurement of two inches per 50 years, you would need about 22 sheets of cardstock. Your timeline will get crowded for the last several hundred years so you may want to change the measurement to each inch represents 5 or 10 years.
You can also use this floor timeline to study a specific subject. For example, if you have US President flashcards, you would lay them all out along the timeline. Our History of the Day cards can be used for this purpose, too. Here is an example:
A Timeline Book: An idea borrowed from Charlotte Mason is creating a timeline book. You can purchase a book pretty inexpensively here on Amazon or you can make your own. To make your own, you take a three ring binder and you put in a notebook page for each section of time such as one century. You would label the page at the top with the time period you have chosen and then whenever you study something in history over your entire homeschool career, you would add it to the appropriate page in the book. You could include pages at the end that cover only one year at a time and encourage your child to fill in personal events and milestones.
We tried both the floor timeline and the timeline book with my boys. They preferred the floor timeline because they liked to move around and look at and handle pictures rather than sitting and writing information in a notebook. So think about your children’s learning styles when picking your timeline activities.
Mini-timelines are great when studying a specific subject. They are often included in books about history, but helping your child make one will help them actively learn the information. These are great for helping children understand cause and effect in history, another concept that can be challenging for children with learning disabilities.
For example, we made a mini-timeline when we were learning about the Revolutionary War. As we learned something new, we glued a picture to our timeline. First, we started with events leading up to the war such as the Boston Massacre, passage of different laws and taxes and the Boston Tea Party. This helped us learn the causes. Then we glued on different major battles in the war. Finally, we added the Treaty of Paris and the setting up of a new government. These were the effects of the initial events on our timeline.
Purchase a Timeline as a Reference
Even with all of these methods of teaching time, I wanted to have a quick, smallish (60 x 15 inches) reference timeline I could point to when we were reading a book. I ended up buying this timeline from Amazon.
I love how it looks from an aesthetic standpoint, but it is awfully cluttered visually, which is something I try to steer away from with our learning materials. However, it does provide a quick reference I can point to and my older son is drawn to the pictures and reading all of the information so it definitely has a place in our homeschool room.
Download Free Timelines
I have included some free printables here to get you started including timeline bookmarks, personal timelines, and a timeline without the years filled in so you can create your own floor timeline.